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You can use the “netstat” command from command prompt to determine which program is using any port.

Follow these steps:

1. Click Start, type cmd in the Start Search box, and then press ENTER.
If you are prompted for an administrator password or for a confirmation, type the password, or click Continue.
2. Type netstat –o and hit enter.

This will provide a list of ports, along with the PID (process ID) that has those ports open.
3. To determine what executable is running as a process ID, open Windows Task Manager and switch to the Processes tab.
4. Now click on View->Select Columns.
5. On the screen that opens, make sure "PID (Process Identifier)" is checked and then click OK.
6. Now click on the PID heading to sort the entries by PID.
7. Get the PID numbers from command prompt and verify from task manager.

NOTE: Check only for TCP or UDP protocols as port 80 is TCP/UDP.

Absolute Pressure (psia): The sum of both atmospheric pressure (14.7) and gauge pressure (psig). Example: If a pneumatic gauge indicates 8 psig, the absolute pressure will 22.7 psia (8+14.7).

Action: The direction of magnitude change of the output of a controller with respect to the change in the variable that is being sensed. Example: Direct Action (D.A.): Variable increases, output increases. Reverse Action (R.A.): Variable increases, output decreases.

Actuator: A device which is mechanically linked to a damper and positions the damper to regulate the flow of air; or is mounted on a valve and repositions the valve to regulate the flow of steam or water. Actuators are sometimes referred to as operators or motors.

Air Handling Unit (AHU): A mechanical system usually consisting of an enclosure housing a supply-air fan (or fans), heating and/or cooling coils, filters, and outdoor air and return air dampers. May include return air fan(s) and relief air damper(s). May deliver air to a single space, to several zones, or to numerous constant-volume or variable-volume air terminal units.

Analog: A proportional type of signal whose level varies smoothly and continuously in amplitude or frequency.

Averaging Element: A sensing device that can extend across the entire duct and sense the average temperature.

Boiler: A closed vessel in which fuel is burned to generate steam or to heat water.

Branch Lines (Pneumatic): The tubing in a pneumatic control system which carries the output signal from controller to auxiliary devices or actuators.

Btu (British thermal unit): The energy or heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water 1°F under standard pressure.

Butterfly Valve: A cylindrical flanged-end body with an internal, rotatable disc serving as a fluid flow regulating device.

Chiller: A machine, usually centrifugal or reciprocating, that chills the water used to cool a building. Heat removed from the water is rejected to a remote air-cooled condensing unit, or to a water-cooled condenser that is usually an integral part of the chiller.

Close-Off: The maximum allowable pressure drops to which a valve may be subjected while fully closed.

Comfort Zone: The range of temperatures and humidities over which most people feel comfortable. Generally, between 60°F and 70°F and 20% to 60% relative humidity.

Control Point: The actual value of the controlled variable which the controller operates to maintain (under any fixed set of conditions).

Controlled Device (C/D): An apparatus that receives the signal from a controller and positions the damper or valve to match the capacity to the load. Example: Motorized damper or valve.

Controller: A device that monitors a controlled variable and changes the position of final control devices (such as valves, dampers, or contacts) to maintain the value of the controlled variable at or near the controllers setpoint.

Cubic Feet Per Minute (cfm): A rate of air volume delivery. Standard measure for HVAC ducted systems.

Damper: A valve used to regulate the flow of air or some other gas.

Degree Day, Heating: A unit, based upon temperature and time, used in estimating fuel consumption and specifying nominal heating load of a building in winter. One heating degree day is given for each degree that the daily mean temperature is below 65°F 18°C).

Dew Point: The temperature at which a given mixture of air and water vapor is saturated.

Digital: An On/Off or two-position signal.

DIP Switch (Dual Inline Package Switch): A ganged array of switches on a circuit board. Each switch can be set to one of two positions.

Direct Acting (D.A.): An increase in the sensed media causes an increase in the controller output (and vice versa).

Direct Digital Control (DDC): Microprocessor-based control systems that provide direct control of the individual components of an HVAC system without the use of conventional control devices such as thermostats.

Direct Reset: On multiple (typically two) input applications, when a decrease at the second (open loop) sensor causes the controller setpoint to decrease.

Diverting Valve: A three-way valve which has one inlet, two outlets, and can direct full flow to either outlet or proportion the flow between the two outlets.

Dry Contact: A contact closure that does not impose an electronic signal from an outside source. A direct short of normally open contacts.

Duty Cycling: An energy management function that reduces consumption by periodically turning off electrical equipment for short intervals during normal operating hours.

Economizer Mode: A control mode in which outside return and relief dampers are controlled by air temperature to provide the most economical heating and cooling.

Electric-Pneumatic Switch (EP): An electrically operated air flow switch with normally closed and normally opened inputs which lead to a common output. Also known as solenoid air valve.

Electronic Controls: Using very low voltages (20V or less) and currents for sensing and transmitting.

Energy Management: Several techniques for reducing a buildings energy consumption, while maximizing operating efficiency, all without drastic degradation of comfort.

Engineering Units: The units that a medium is measured in, represented by an abbreviation. Examples include degrees Fahrenheit (DEGF), kilowatts (KW), and feet per minute (FPM).

Enthalpy: For most HVAC applications, a measure of total heat (sensible plus latent) of air, measured above an arbitrary datum. The specific enthalpy of dry air is assigned a value of zero at 0 [degrees] F and U.S. standard atmospheric pressure (29.92 in. mercury) and is measured in Btu per pound of dry air.

Exhaust Air Damper: A damper usually associated with an air handling unit. Usually modulates open as the outdoor air damper opens and the return air damper closes. Also called a relief damper.

Feet Per Minute (fpm): A unit of measure to quantify the velocity of air flow.

Floating Control/Action: While definitions vary, floating control is essentially two position control in which the controlled device (i.e., MF-XXXX Actuators) can stop at any point in its stroke at loss of control signal. The controlled device will hold this position until the controller senses another signal to reposition the controlled device.

Flow Coefficient (Cv): The flow of water in gallons per minute (at 6°F) that causes a pressure drop of 1 psi across a fully open valve.

Gallons per Minute (gpm): A unit of measure to quantify water flow.

Gauge Pressure (psig): The amount of pressure above atmospheric pressure, usually measured in pounds per square inch, gauge (psig).

Gear Train Actuator: A controlled device that operates dampers or valves by producing a rotary motion because of an induction motor driving the output shaft through a series of gears. The motor is driven in either direction and can be stopped at any position to obtain proportional control. The electronic actuator drive is necessary to interface the DC signal of the controller and the induction motor.

Heat Pump: A refrigeration machine which is arranged to either heat or cool a building by using heat from the condenser section or by using cooling from the evaporator section.

Hunting: The action of a controller which causes the controlled device to continuously travel from one end of its stroke to the other. Normally associated with proportional control. Hunting is an undesirable condition.

Hydraulic Actuator: A controlled device that operates dampers or valves by producing a linear motion because of the fluid pressure developed from a running motor pumping hydraulic fluid through a transducer. As the control signal increases the fluid pressure increases and as the control signal decreases the fluid pressure decreases allowing the spring to retract the output shaft.

Hydronics: The science dealing with the control of and use of water as a heat transfer medium in air conditioning systems.

Immersion Sensor: A device with an extended element, which can be inserted into a well to sense the temperature in liquid lines and tanks.

Inches of Water Column (in. w.c.): A unit of pressure measurement used to measure and control low differential pressures. These pressures include duct static pressure relative to space static pressure, space statue pressure relative to that of other spaces or outside atmospheric pressure, and the velocity pressure of air flowing in ducts.

Inlet Vane: An attachment to a centrifugal fan that restricts the flow of air into the fan housing. Also used on centrifugal chillers to restrict refrigerant flow.

Integral Control: A control action designed to reduce offset in proportional control.

Load Shedding: The turning from electrical loads to limit peak electrical demand.

Low Limit: A control/application to prevent a sensed variable from falling below a dangerous or undesirable condition.

Low Temperature Thermostat: A duct thermostat with a capillary-type, vapor-filled sensing element installed across a duct. When any given section of the element (usually one foot) falls below setpoint, the thermostat is actuated, usually to stop the supply fan of an air handling unit and close the outdoor air and relief dampers. Available with manual or automatic reset.

Minimum Position: A control sequence in which the controlled device is prevented from moving to the fully closed position even though the signal from the controller is at a value that would cause the controlled device to be fully closed. However, at a total loss of power or signal from the minimum position, the controlled device will typically go to a failsafe position. i.e. Minimum Position of the outside air damper, for purposes of ventilation, may require that a minimum of X% of outside air be introduced to the building when occupied. However, if there is a loss of power or a low limit that could freeze the coil, the outside dampers will close fully.

Mixing Valve: The three-way valve which has two inlets, one outlet, and can direct full flow from either inlet or proportion the flow from the two inlets.

Night Setback (Heating): An application by which the setpoint is shifted to a lower value during unoccupied hours during the heating season.

Night Setup (Cooling): An application by which the setpoint is shifted to a higher value during unoccupied hours during cooling season.

Normally Closed (N.C.): Applies to the condition of a controlled device which closes when all operating force (control pressure or electric energy) is removed. i.e., power failure.

Normally Open (N.O.): Applies to the condition of a controlled device which is open when all operating force is removed.

Occupied Mode: A control mode used to heat or cool a building when it is occupied.

Offset: The amount of difference between control point and setpoint in a proportional control system.

Packaged Equipment: Off-the-shelf HVAC equipment.

Pneumatic: Controls powered by low-pressure compressed gas.

Pneumatic-Electric Switch (PE): An air pressure operated switch in which the contacts are made or broken to operate electrical devices in a pneumatic control system.

Positive Positioner: Used where accurate positioning of the controlled device is required. Example: Pneumatic positive positioners provide up to full main air to the actuator for any change in position required by the controller. Positive positioners may also be referred to as pilot positioners.

Pressure Independent VAV: A control technique in which the flow of air (usually through a VAV terminal unit) is maintained essentially at the setpoint of a flow controller regardless of variations (reasonably controlled) in supply duct static pressure.

Proportional Control: A mode of control in which the controlled device may assume any position from fully closed to fully open, depending on the load at any given point in time.

Range: (1) The minimum to maximum setpoint capability of a controller, (2) the minimum to maximum sensing capability of a transmitter, or (3) the starting point to finish point of an actuator. Examples: Controller, 55 to 80°F Transmitter, 40 to 24°F Actuator, 5 to 10 psig

Relative Humidity: The ratio of the amount of moisture that is present in the air to the amount that can be in the air at that temperature.

Reset: Making use of a second (open loop) sensor whose function is to change the effective/desired setpoint of a controller automatically according to changes in the open loop conditions. Not to be confused with Automatic Reset.

Resistance Temperature Device (RTD): An electronic device that senses temperature. As the sensed temperature changes, the resistance changes. Example: Balco.

Return Air: Air returning to the heater or conditioner from the heated or conditioned space.

Reverse Acting (R.A.): A decrease in the sensed media causes an increase in controller output.

Reverse Reset: On multiple (typically two) input applications, when a decrease at the second (open loop) sensor causes the controller setpoint to be increased.

Rooftop Unit: Packaged heating/cooling or heating/ cooling/ventilating unit designed to be mounted on the roof of a building. May be a small, single-zone unit; a large, complex unite supplying air to many VAV terminals; or anything in between.

Run Time: For HVAC equipment, the total hours of actual running time since installation, the last maintenance, or a specified date.

Setpoint: The desired value assigned to a controller. Example: The setpoint dial on a thermostat indicates the desired occupied condition.

Short-Cycling: When equipment is turned on and off at frequent intervals. Normally associated with two-position control. (Short-cycling is an undesirable condition.)

Single-Pole, Double-Throw (SPDT): An electromechanical switch, which makes one circuit immediately upon breaking the other.

Single-Pole, Single-Throw (SPST): An electromechanical switch, which makes or breaks one circuit.

Span: The difference between the start and finish point of range. Examples: Transmitter range 50° to 100° = span of 50°; Voltage Range 6 to 9 Volts = span of 3 volts ; Spring Range of three to 8 psig = span of 5 psi

Spring-Return: The movement of an actuator because of a decreasing voltage signal and therefore the force is supplied by a coiled or compressed spring. Upon a power interruption the spring will drive the actuator to a known position.

Staged Heating/Cooling: A temperature control technique in which heating, or cooling is turned in stages. For example, the farther away the temperature is from the setpoint, the more stages of heating or cooling are turned on.

Staging: A method of control in which the total capacity of a two-position mode of control application is divided into several levels of capacity so as to match the capacity to the load more evenly.

Stand-Alone: A device, such as a controller or computer, that does not require support from another device or system.

Stand-Alone Operation: Performance independent of direction of any other component in the system.

Strap-On Thermostat: A Controller designed for mounting on and sensing the temperature of a surface. Example: the surface of a pipe.

Stratification: Layers of air at different temperatures of different velocities flowing through a duct or plenum.

Summer/Winter: A combination of a direct acting and a reverse acting thermostat. The term heating/cooling is synonymous.

Supply or Main Pressure (Pneumatic): The force per unit area (psig) of the compressed air supplied to a controller. It is usually constant at 15 to 20 psig but may have some other value in special cases.

Thermistor: A semiconductor whose resistance is extremely temperature sensitive. Like carbon, thermistors have negative temperature coefficients; that is, their resistance increases as temperature decreases. They are used to compensate for temperature variations in other parts of a circuit and are also used as transducers.

Thermostat: An instrument which measures temperature and controls device(s) for maintaining a desired temperature. Throttling Range (Controller): Throttling range is the change in measured variable (temperature, pressure, liquid level, etc.) required to cause the controller output to vary a pre-defined range.

Throttling Range (Controller): Throttling range is the change in the measured variable (temperature, pressure, liquid level, etc.) required to cause the controller output to vary a predefined range.

Throttling Range (System): The amount of change of the variable necessary for the controller to drive the actuator(s) through their complete stroke(s).

Transducer: A device which converts one form of energy into another form of energy.

Tubeaxial Fan: An airfoil (propeller) fan within a cylinder and including driving mechanism supports for belt drive or direct connection.

Two-Position Control: A method of control in which the control device is either 100% open or closed; therefore, the controlled medium is flowing at these respective rates. Also called On-Off control.

Variable Air Volume (VAV): A system that controls space temperature by varying the quantity of supply air rather than by varying the temperature of the supply air.

Variable Frequency Drive: A device that varies the voltage to an electric motor to vary the speed of the motor (also called a speed drive.)

Zone: A space or group of spaces within a building with heating and/or cooling requirements sufficiently similar so that comfort conditions can be maintained throughout by a single controlling device.

Zone Control: A control process in which a building is divided into different areas (zones). Each zone can be controlled independently.


How We Collect and Use Information

We collect the following types of information about you:

Information you provide us directly:

We ask for certain information such as your username, real name, birthdate, address, phone number and e-mail address when you register for a account, or if you correspond with us. We may also retain any messages you send through the Service and may collect information you provide in User Content you post to the Service. We use this information to operate, maintain, and provide to you the features and functionality of the Service. Your username and if you choose to disclose it, your real name, will be published publicly. Once published your username and / or real name may not be able to be removed.

Information we may receive from third parties:

We may receive information about you from third parties. For example, if you access our websites or Service through a third-party connection or log-in, for example, through Facebook Connect, by “following,” “liking,” adding the application, linking your account to the Service, etc., that third party may pass certain information about your use of its service to This information could include, but is not limited to, the user ID associated with your account (for example, your Facebook UID), an access token necessary to access that service, any information that you have permitted the third party to share with us, and any information you have made public in connection with that service. If you allow us access to your friends list, your friends’ user IDs, and your connection to those friends, may be used and stored to make your experience more social, and to allow you to invite your friends to use our Service as well as provide you with updates if and when your friends join You should always review, and if necessary, adjust your privacy settings on third-party websites and services before linking or connecting them to the Service. You may also unlink your third-party account from the Service by adjusting your settings on the third-party service.

Inviting a friend to use may, in its sole discretion, develop a feature that allows you to invite third parties to the Service. If you choose to use our invitation service to invite a third party to the Service through our “Invite friends” feature, you may directly choose a friend to invite through your mobile device’s native contact list – but we do not require that you import your contacts list to the Service, and we do not retain the information contained in your contacts list. You understand that by inviting a friend to through the “Invite friends” feature, you are directly sending a text or email from your personal accounts and that we are not storing your contact list. In addition, you understand and agree that normal carrier charges apply to communications sent from your phone. Since this invitation is coming directly from your email or phone, we do not have access to or control this communication.

Finding your friends on the Service: may, in its sole discretion, develop a feature that allows you to locate your friends with accounts through a “Find friends” feature. The “Find friends” feature allows you to choose to locate friends either through (i) your contact list, (ii) social media sites (such as Twitter or Facebook) or (iii) through a search of names and usernames on If you choose to find your friends through your contact list, then you agree to provide access to your contact list such that we can perform the search necessary to determine whether or not someone associated with the information you provide is using If you choose to find your friends through social media sites, then you understand that the information these sites provide to use to conduct this type of search is governed by their privacy policies and your account settings on those sites. If you choose to find your friends through a search of names or usernames, then simply type a name to search and see if that name or username appears on our Service. Note that we do not retain any information contained in your contacts list, or information from social media sites about your contacts, and we do not use such information for any purpose other than to help you find your friends on

Analytics information:

We may directly collect analytics data, or use third-party analytics tools and services, to help us measure traffic and usage trends for the Service. These tools collect information sent by your browser or mobile device, including the pages you visit and other information that assists us in improving the Service. We collect and use this analytics information in aggregate form such that it cannot reasonably be manipulated to identify any particular individual user.

Cookies information:

Full details can be found on our Cookie Policy. When you visit the Service, we may send one or more cookies — a small text file containing a string of alphanumeric characters — to your computer that uniquely identifies your browser and lets help you log in faster and enhance your navigation through the site. A cookie may also convey information to us about how you use the Service (e.g., the pages you view, the links you click and other actions you take on the Service) and allow us or our business partners to track your usage of the Service over time. A persistent cookie remains on your hard drive after you close your browser. Persistent cookies may be used by your browser on subsequent visits to the site. Persistent cookies can be removed by following your web browser’s directions. A session cookie is temporary and disappears after you close your browser. You can reset your web browser to refuse all cookies or to indicate when a cookie is being sent. However, some features of the Service may not function properly if the ability to accept cookies is disabled. Full details can be found on our Cookie Policy.

Log file information:

Log file information is automatically reported by your browser or mobile device each time you access the Service. When you use our Service, our servers automatically record certain log file information. These server logs may include anonymous information such as your web request, Internet Protocol (“IP”) address, browser type, referring / exit pages and URLs, number of clicks and how you interact with links on the Service, domain names, landing pages, pages viewed, and other such information.

Clear gifs/web beacons information:

When you use the Service, we may employ clear gifs (also known as web beacons) which are used to anonymously track the online usage patterns of our Users. In addition, we may also use clear gifs in HTML-based emails sent to our users to track which emails are opened and which links are clicked by recipients. The information is allowing for more accurate reporting and improvement of the Service.

Device identifiers:

When you access the Service by or through a mobile device (including but not limited to smart-phones or tablets), we may access, collect, monitor and/or remotely store one or more “device identifiers,” such as a universally unique identifier (“UUID”). Device identifiers are small data files or similar data structures stored on or associated with your mobile device, which uniquely identify your mobile device. A device identifier may be data stored in connection with the device hardware, data stored in connection with the device’s operating system or other software, or data sent to the device by A device identifier may convey information to us about how you browse and use the Service. A device identifier may remain persistently on your device, to help you log in faster and enhance your navigation through the Service. Some features of the Service may not function properly if use or availability of device identifiers is impaired or disabled.

Location data:

When you access the Service by or through a mobile device, we may access, collect, monitor and/or remotely store “location data,” which may include GPS coordinates (e.g. latitude and/or longitude) or similar information regarding the location of your mobile device. Location data may convey to us information about how you browse and use the Service. Some features of the Service, particularly location-based services, may not function properly if use or availability of location data is impaired or disabled.

Commercial and marketing communications:

We use the information we collect or receive, such as your email address, to communicate directly with you. We may send you emails containing newsletters, promotions, and special offers. If you do not want to receive such email messages, you will be given the option to opt out or change your preferences. We also use your information to send you Service-related emails (e.g., account verification, purchase and billing confirmations and reminders, changes/updates to features of the Service, technical and security notices). You may not opt out of Service-related emails. You may also be able to be “found” on based on information that you provide (see “Find friends on”) above.

Use of certain service type information we collect about you:

We use or may use cookies, log file, device identifiers, location data and clear gifs information to: (a) remember information so that you will not have to re-enter it during your visit or the next time you visit the site; (b) provide custom, personalized content and information; (c) to provide and monitor the effectiveness of our Service; (d) monitor aggregate metrics such as total number of visitors, traffic, and demographic patterns; (e) diagnose or fix technology problems; (f) help you efficiently access your information after you sign in; (g) to provide advertising to your browser or device, and (h) automatically update the application on your mobile devices.

Sharing of Your Information

We will not rent or sell your information into third parties outside and its group companies (including any parent, subsidiaries and affiliates) without your consent, except as noted below:

  • Who we may share your information with: We may share your information with third-party business partners and Trusted Users for the purpose of providing the Service to you. Third party business partners will be given limited access to your information as is reasonably necessary to deliver the Service, and we will require that such third parties comply with this Privacy Policy or operate under a similar privacy policy.
  • Who can see User Content: Any User Content that you voluntarily disclose for posting to the Service becomes available to the public and cannot be removed, except by in its sole discretion. Once posted on, User Content may not be removable from public view, as copies may remain viewable in cached and archived pages of the Service, on other sites that have republished us, or if other Users have copied or saved that information. If you do not wish your User Content to be available to the public, please don’t post it on Your username and if you choose to disclose it, your real name, will be published publicly. Once published your username and / or real name may not be able to be removed.
  • Who can see your IP address: If you post User Content on the Service while not logged in, your IP address will be published with your User Content in order to attribute your contribution to the Service. A selection of Trusted Users with administrative powers on have the ability to review IP addresses of users to reduce abusive behavior. Any third-party service embedded on such as an advertiser, video provider, social network or other third party will also have access to your IP address.
  • Who can see your email address: If you enter an email address, you will enable communication from and other Users. If you reply to users or participate in group activities such as meetups, your email address will be shared with these users. In addition, some email addresses such as This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. forward to a group of Trusted Users, who will use your email address to reply to the email.

What happens in the event of a change of control:

We may buy or sell/divest/transfer the company (including any shares in the company), or any combination of its products, services, assets and/or businesses. Your information such as customer names and email addresses, User Content and other user information related to the Service may be among the items sold or otherwise transferred in these types of transactions. We may also sell, assign or otherwise transfer such information in the course of corporate divestitures, mergers, acquisitions, bankruptcies, dissolutions, reorganizations, liquidations, similar transactions or proceedings involving all or a portion of the company.

Instances where we are required to share your information: will disclose your information where required to do so by law or subpoena or if we reasonably believe that such action is necessary to (a) comply with the law and the reasonable requests of law enforcement; (b) to enforce our Terms of Use or to protect the security, quality or integrity of our Service; and/or (c) to exercise or protect the rights, property, or personal safety of, our Users, or others.

Sharing certain service type information, we collect about you:

We may share certain service type information, including information obtained through tools such as cookies, log files, device identifiers, location data and clear gifs (such as anonymous usage data, referring/exit pages and URLs, platform types, number of clicks, etc.): (i) with our third-party business partners for the purposes described in the section above on “How We Collect and Use Information.” We may also aggregate or otherwise strip data of all personally identifying characteristics and may share that aggregated, anonymized data with third parties.

Ads on

We may also share certain information such as your location, browser, and cookie data and other data relating to your use of our Service with our business partners to deliver advertisements (“ads”) that may be of interest to you. may allow third-party ad servers or ad networks to serve advertisements on the Service. These third-party ad servers or ad networks use technology to send, directly to your browser or mobile device, the ads and ad links that appear on the Service and will automatically receive your IP address when they do so. They may also use other technologies (such as cookies, JavaScript, device identifiers, location data, and clear gifs, see above) to compile information about your browser’s or device’s visits and usage patterns on the Service and on other websites, and to measure the effectiveness of their ads and to personalize the advertising content delivered to you.

For example, Google uses DART cookies in order to deliver ads to you through the Service. Google's use of the DART cookie enables it and its partners to serve ads to you based on your visit to the Service and previous websites that you may have visited. Other advertising networks also use similar cookies, clear gifs, or other mechanisms to deliver targeted advertising to you through the Service. You can delete these cookies by following the instructions here: You may opt out of use of Google’s DART cookie and cookies placed by Network Advertising Initiative (NAI) certified ad networks here: : . Opting out of these cookies will be effective not only on the Service, but on all websites with NAI certified advertising networks. However, these opt-outs will be ineffective on networks that are not NAI certified.

Please note that an advertiser may ask to show an ad to a certain audience of Users (e.g., based on demographics or other interests). In that situation, or our Partners determines the target audience and serves the advertising to that audience and only provides anonymous data to the advertiser. If you respond to such an ad, the advertiser or ad server may conclude that you fit the description of the audience they are trying to reach.

To enhance your user experience or help us improve and measure our effectiveness, may embed code from third parties on the Service. Examples of such parties may include Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, Google, YouTube, AOL, and others. These third parties may collect information about you including IP address, cookies in ways does not control.

The Privacy Policy does not apply to, and we cannot control the activities of third-parties. Please consult the respective privacy policies of such third parties or contact such third parties for more information.

How We Store and Protect Your Information

Storage and Processing:

Your information collected through the Service may be stored and processed in the United States or any other country in which or its subsidiaries, affiliates, or service providers maintain facilities. may transfer information that we collect about you, including personal information, to affiliated entities, or to other third parties across borders and from your country or jurisdiction to other countries or jurisdictions around the world. If you are located in the European Union or other regions with laws governing data collection and use that may differ from U.S. law, please note that we may transfer information, including personal information, to a country and jurisdiction that does not have the same data protection laws as your jurisdiction, and you consent to the transfer of information to the U.S. or any other country in which or its parent, subsidiaries, affiliates, or service providers maintain facilities and the use and disclosure of information about you as described in this Privacy Policy.

Keeping your information safe: cares about the security of your information and uses commercially reasonable safeguards to preserve the integrity and security of all information collected through the Service. To protect your privacy and security, we take reasonable steps (such as requesting a unique password) to verify your identity before granting you access to your account. You are responsible for maintaining the secrecy of your unique password and account information, and for controlling access to your email communications from, at all times. However, cannot ensure or warrant the security of any information you transmit to or guarantee that information on the Service may not be accessed, disclosed, altered, or destroyed. Your privacy settings may also be affected by changes to the functionality of third party sites and services that you add to the Service, such as social networks. is not responsible for the functionality or security measures of any third party.

Compromise of information:

In the event that any information under our control is compromised as a result of a breach of security, will take reasonable steps to investigate the situation and where appropriate, notify those individuals whose information may have been compromised and take other steps, in accordance with any applicable laws and regulations.

Your Choices about Your Information

You control your account information and settings: You may update your account information and email-communication preferences at any time by logging in to your account and changing your profile settings. You can also stop receiving promotional email communications from us by modifying your preferences at

We make every effort to promptly process all unsubscribe requests. As noted above, you may not opt out of Service-related communications (e.g., account verification, purchase and billing confirmations and reminders, changes/updates to features of the Service, technical and security notices). If you have any questions about reviewing or modifying your account information, you can contact us directly at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Opting out of collection of your information for Tracking / Advertising:

Please refer to your mobile device or browser’s technical information for instructions on how to delete and disable cookies, and other tracking/recording tools. Depending on your type of device, it may not be possible to delete or disable tracking mechanisms on your mobile device. Note that disabling cookies and/or other tracking tools prevents or its business partners from tracking your browser’s activities in relation to the Service, and for use in targeted advertising activities by third parties. However, doing so may disable many of the features available through the Service. If you have any questions about opting out of the collection of cookies and other tracking/recording tools, you can contact us directly at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

How long we keep your private profile information:

Following termination of your User account, may retain your private profile information for a commercially reasonable time for backup, archival, or audit purposes. For the avoidance of doubt, any information that you choose to make public on the service may not be removable.

Children’s Privacy does not knowingly collect or solicit any information from anyone under the age of 13 or knowingly allow such persons to register as Users. The Service and its content are not directed at children under the age of 13. In the event that we learn that we have collected personal information from a child under age 13 without verification of parental consent, we will delete that information as quickly as possible. If you believe that we might have any information from or about a child under 13, please contact us at This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

Links to Other Websites and Services

We are not responsible for the practices employed by websites or services linked to or from the Service, including the information or content contained therein. Please remember that when you use a link to go from the Service to another website, our Privacy Policy does not apply to third-party websites or services. Your browsing and interaction on any third-party website or service, including those that have a link or advertisement on our website, are subject to that third party’s own rules and policies. In addition, you agree that we are not responsible, and we do not control over any third-parties that you authorize to access your User Content. If you are using a third-party website or service (like Facebook, Google groups, or an IRC chatroom) and you allow such a third-party access to you User Content you do so at your own risk. This Privacy Policy does not apply to information we collect by other means (including offline) or from other sources other than through the Service.


What are cookies?

Cookies are small text files containing a string of characters that can be placed on your computer or mobile device that uniquely identify your browser or device. What are cookies used for?

Cookies allow a site or services to know if your computer or device has visited that site or service before. Cookies can then be used to help understand how the site or service is being used, help you navigate between pages efficiently, help remember your preferences, and generally improve your browsing experience. Cookies can also help ensure marketing you see online is more relevant to you and your interests.

What types of cookies does use?

There are generally four categories of cookies: “Strictly Necessary,” “Performance,” “Functionality,” and “Targeting.” routinely uses all four categories of cookies on the Service. You can find out more about each cookie category below.

  1. Strictly Necessary Cookies. These cookies are essential, as they enable you to move around the Service and use its features, such as accessing logged in or secure areas.
  1. Performance Cookies. These cookies collect information about how you have used the Service, for example, information related to the unique username you have provided, so that less strain is placed on our backend infrastructure. These cookies may also be used to allow us to know that you have logged in so that we can serve you fresher content than a user who has never logged in. We also use cookies to track aggregate Service usage and experiment with new features and changes on the Service. The information collected is used to improve how the Service works.
  1. Functionality Cookies. These cookies allow us to remember how you’re logged in, whether you chose to no longer see advertisements, whether you made an edit to an article on the Service while logged out, when you logged in or out, the state or history of Service tools you’ve used. These cookies also allow us to tailor the Service to provide enhanced features and content for you and to remember how you’ve customized the Service in other ways, such as customizing the toolbars we offer in the right column of every page. The information these cookies collect may be anonymous, and they are not used to track your browsing activity on other sites or services.
  1. Targeting Cookies., our advertising partners or other third-party partners may use these types of cookies to deliver advertising that is relevant to your interests. These cookies can remember that your device has visited a site or service and may also be able to track your device’s browsing activity on other sites or services other than This information may be shared with organizations outside, such as advertisers and/or advertising networks to deliver the advertising, and to help measure the effectiveness of an advertising campaign, or other business partners for the purpose of providing aggregate Service usage statistics and aggregate Service testing.

How long will cookies stay on my device?

The length of time a cookie will stay on your computer or mobile device depends on whether it is a “persistent” or “session” cookie. Session cookies will only stay on your device until you stop browsing. Persistent cookies stay on your computer or mobile device until they expire or are deleted.

First and third-party cookies

First-party cookies are cookies that belong to, third-party cookies are cookies that another party places on your device through our Service. Third-party cookies may be placed on your device by someone providing a service for, for example to help us understand how our service is being used. Third-party cookies may also be placed on your device by our business partners so that they can use them to advertise products and services to you elsewhere on the Internet.

How to control and delete cookies

If you want to delete cookies follow the instructions at If you wish to disable your browser from receiving cookies follow the instructions at Note that if you set your browser to disable cookies, you may not be able to access certain parts of our Service and other parts of our Service may not work properly. You can find out more information cookie settings at third-party information sites, such as